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原子論的スピンモデルによる永久磁石の磁気特性の研究 ―熱揺らぎおよび温度効果の取り扱いと将来展望―

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We review atomistic spin model studies, a new approach for theoretical investigations, on magnetic properties of permanent magnets. In the atomistic modeling, the microscopic details of magnetic parameters and lattice structures are realistically considered, and the temperature effect, including thermal fluctuation, is properly treated based on statistical physics methods: Monte Caro methods and stochastic Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation methods. We introduce how to treat thermal effects for static and dynamical properties using these methods. Focusing especially on neodymium permanent magnets, we discuss features of magnetization, domain wall, coercivity of a grain, nucleation and pinning fields, and dysprosium substitution effect, which were first elucidated with those methods.

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  • Atomistic Model Study on Magnetic Properties of Permanent Magnets―Treatment of Thermal Fluctuation and Thermal Effects, and Future Perspective―
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  • 24/04/2023
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