Effects of time per layer and part geometry on thermal history and microcracking in the fabrication of nickel superalloy samples by laser powder bed fusion

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In this work, the purpose of the current study is to understand the effects of time per layer and part geometry on microcracking behavior as well as thermal history, microstructure, and mechanical properties in Inconel 738 LC samples. A part-scale finite element thermal analysis confirmed that significant heat accumulation occurred during the process in the samples with constricted geometry with short time per layer. In the fabricated IN738LC samples with the heat accumulation, more coarse microstructure, greater hardness, and severe cracking size and density were observed. The cracking mechanism based on the RDG model with Rosenthal’s analytical temperature field suggests that heat accumulation during the L-PBF process should be avoided to fabricate crack-free IN738LC parts, and a sufficiently long time per layer is preferable.

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  • 18/01/2024
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