Effect of Punch Surface Grooves on Microformability of AA6063 Backward Microextrusion
In order to apply conventional forming processes at the micro scale, the size effects caused by material properties and frictional effects must be taken into account. In this research, the effects of tool surface properties such as punch surface grooves on microextrudability, assessed using extrusion force, shape of the extrusion, and Vickers hardness, were investigated using an AA6063 billet. Microscale grooves of 5 to 10 µm were fabricated on the punch surface. The extrusion force increased rapidly as the stroke progressed for all the grooves. Comparing the product geometries showed that, the smaller the groove size, the lower the adhesion and the longer the backward extrusion length. The results of material analysis using EBSD showed that a 5 µm groove depth punch improved the material flowability and uniformly introduced more strain. On the other hand, material flowability was reduced and strain was applied nonuniformly when a mirror-finish tool was used. Therefore, the tribology between the tool and the material was controlled by changing the surface properties of the punch to improve formability.
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