Solid polymer electrolyte-based atomic switches: from materials to mechanisms and applications

MDR Open Deposited

As miniaturization of semiconductor memory devices is reaching its physical and technological limits, there is a demand for memory technologies that operate on new principles. Atomic switches are nanoionic devices that show repeatable resistive switching between high-resistance and low-resistance states under bias voltage applications, based on the transport of metal ions and redox reactions in solids. Their essential structure consists of an ion conductor sandwiched between electrochemically active and inert electrodes. This review focuses on the resistive switching mechanism of atomic switches that utilize a solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) as the ion conductor. Owing to the superior properties of polymer materials such as mechanical flexibility, compatibility with various substrates, and low fabrication costs, SPE-based atomic switches are a promising candidate for the next-generation of volatile and nonvolatile memories. Herein, we describe their operating mechanisms and key factors for controlling the device performance with different polymer matrices. In particular, the effects of moisture absorption in the polymer matrix on the resistive switching behavior are addressed in detail. As potential applications, atomic switches with inkjet-printed SPE and quantum conductance behavior are described. SPE-based atomic switches also have great potential in use for neuromorphic devices. The development of these devices will be enhanced using nanoarchitectonics concepts, which integrates functional materials and devices.

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  • 16/04/2024
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  • Version of record (Published version)
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