Machine extraction of polymer data from tables using XML versions of scientific articles
In this study, we examined machine extraction of polymer data from tables in scientific articles. The extraction system consists of five processes: table extraction, data formatting, polymer name recognition, property specifier identification, and data extraction. Tables were first extracted in plain text. XML versions of scientific articles were used, and the tabular forms were accurately extracted, even for complicated tables, such as multi-column, multi-row, and merged tables. Polymer name recognition was performed using a named entity recognizer created by deep neural network learning of polymer names. The preparation cost of the training data was reduced using a rule-based algorithm. The target polymer properties in this study were glass transition temperature (Tg), melting temperature (Tm), and decomposition temperature (Td), and the specifiers were identified using partial string matching. Through these five processes, 2,181 data points for Tg, 1,526 for Tm, and 2,316 for Td were extracted from approximately 18,000 scientific articles published by Elsevier. Nearly half of them were extracted from complicated tables. The F-scores for the extraction were 0.871, 0.870, and 0.841, respectively. These results indicate that the extraction system created in this study can rapidly and accurately collect large amounts of polymer data from tables in scientific literature.
2020-05-26: Initial upload under the title "Automatic extraction of polymer data from tables in XML documents of scientific articles"
2021-02-25: Updated version under the title "Machine extraction of polymer data from tables using XML versions of scientific articles"